Spherical codes and designs

Later this month, Hans Parshall will participate in a summer school on “Sphere Packings and Optimal Configurations.” In preparation for this event, Hans was assigned the task of writing lecture notes that summarize the main results of the following paper:

P. Delsarte, J. M. Goethals, J. J. Seidel,

Spherical codes and designs,

Geometriae Dedicata 6 (1977) 363–388.

I found Hans’ notes to be particularly helpful, so I’m posting them here with his permission. I’ve lightly edited his notes for formatting and hyperlinks.

Without further ado:

Continue reading Spherical codes and designs

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Game of Sloanes

Emily King recently launched an online competition to find the best packings of points in complex projective space. The so-called Game of Sloanes is concerned with packing n points in \mathbf{CP}^{d-1} for d\in\{2,\ldots,7\} and for n\in\{d+2,\ldots,49\}. John Jasper, Emily King and I collaborated to make the baseline for this competition by curating various packings from the literature and then numerically optimizing sub-optimal packings. See our paper for more information:

J. Jasper, E. J. King, D. G. Mixon, Game of Sloanes: Best known packings in complex projective space

If you have a packing that improves upon the current leader board, you can submit your packing to the following email address:

asongofvectorsandangles [at] gmail [dot] com

In this competition, you can win money if you find a new packing that achieves equality in the Welch bound; see this paper for a survey of these so-called equiangular tight frames (ETFs).

Continue reading Game of Sloanes

Some news regarding the Paley graph

Let \mathbb{F}_p denote the field with p elements, and let Q_p denote the multiplicative subgroup of quadratic residues. For each prime p\equiv 1\bmod 4, we consider the Paley graph G_p with vertex set \mathbb{F}_p, where two vertices are adjacent whenever their difference resides in Q_p. For example, the following illustration from Wikipedia depicts G_{13}:

800px-Paley13.svg

The purpose of this blog entry is to discuss recent observations regarding the Paley graph.

Continue reading Some news regarding the Paley graph

Polymath16, fourteenth thread: Automated graph minimization?

This is the fourteenth “research” thread of the Polymath16 project to make progress on the Hadwiger–Nelson problem, continuing this post. This project is a follow-up to Aubrey de Grey’s breakthrough result that the chromatic number of the plane is at least 5. Discussion of the project of a non-research nature should continue in the Polymath proposal page. We will summarize progress on the Polymath wiki page.

The biggest development in the previous thread:

The method used for finding this graph is vaguely described here and here. It seems that the method is currently more of an art form than an algorithm. A next step might be to automate the art away, code up any computational speedups that are available, and then throw more computing power at the problem.

Algebra, geometry, and combinatorics of subspace packings

Last week, the SIAM Conference on Applied Algebraic Geometry hosted a session on “Algebra, geometry, and combinatorics of subspace packings,” organized by Emily King and myself. Sadly, I wasn’t able to attend, but thankfully, most of the speakers gave me permission to post their slides on my blog. Here’s the lineup:

Emily KingAlgebra, Geometry, and Combinatorics of Subspace Packings

Romanos MalikiosisGroup frames, full spark, and other topics

John Jasper Equiangular tight frames from nonabelian groups

Gene KoppSIC-POVM existence and the Stark conjectures

Continue reading Algebra, geometry, and combinatorics of subspace packings

Polymath16, thirteenth thread: Bumping the deadline?

This is the thirteenth “research” thread of the Polymath16 project to make progress on the Hadwiger–Nelson problem, continuing this post. This project is a follow-up to Aubrey de Grey’s breakthrough result that the chromatic number of the plane is at least 5. Discussion of the project of a non-research nature should continue in the Polymath proposal page. We will summarize progress on the Polymath wiki page.

Interest in this project has spiked since approaching (and passing) our original deadline of April 15. For this reason, I propose we extend the deadline to October 15, 2019. We can discuss this in the Polymath proposal page.

Here are some recent developments:

I’m interested to see if this last point has legs!

Polymath16, twelfth thread: Year in review and future plans

This is the twelfth “research” thread of the Polymath16 project to make progress on the Hadwiger–Nelson problem, continuing this post. This project is a follow-up to Aubrey de Grey’s breakthrough result that the chromatic number of the plane is at least 5. Discussion of the project of a non-research nature should continue in the Polymath proposal page. We will summarize progress on the Polymath wiki page.

Activity on this project has slowed considerably, as we’ve gone 6 months without having to roll over to a new thread. As mentioned in the original thread, the deadline for this project is April 15, 2019, so we only have a couple of weeks remaining. Dömötör and Aubrey took the time to summarize the highlights of what we’ve accomplished in the last year (see below). While we don’t have a single killer result to publish, there are several branches of minor results that warrant publication. Feel free to comment on additional results that were missed in the summaries below, as well as possible venues for publication.

Continue reading Polymath16, twelfth thread: Year in review and future plans