Foundations of Data Science Boot Camp, II

 

This is the second entry to summarize talks in the “boot camp” week of the program on Foundations of Data Science at the Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing, continuing this post. On Tuesday, we heard talks from Ken Clarkson, Rachel Ward, and Michael Mahoney. Below, I link videos and provide brief summaries of their talks.

Ken Clarkson — Sketching for Linear Algebra: Randomized Hadamard, Kernel Methods

Continue reading Foundations of Data Science Boot Camp, II

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Polymath16, tenth thread: Open SAT instances

This is the tenth “research” thread of the Polymath16 project to make progress on the Hadwiger–Nelson problem, continuing this post. This project is a follow-up to Aubrey de Grey’s breakthrough result that the chromatic number of the plane is at least 5. Discussion of the project of a non-research nature should continue in the Polymath proposal page. We will summarize progress on the Polymath wiki page.

Here’s a brief summary of the progress made in the previous thread:

– We have new results in the probabilistic formulation, namely, Proposition 36 and Lemmas 38 and 39.

Jaan Parts refined Pritikin’s analysis to prove that every unit-distance graph with at most 24 vertices is 5-colorable, and every such graph with at most 6906 vertices is 6-colorable.

Domotor, Frankl and Hubai showed that, if there exists a k-chromatic unit-distance graph with a bichromatic origin such that all its neighbors are in the upper half-plane and all their coordinates are rational, then CNP is at least k.

Continue reading Polymath16, tenth thread: Open SAT instances

Foundations of Data Science Boot Camp

I’m spending the semester at the Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing as part of the program on Foundations of Data Science. This was the first day of the “boot camp” week, which was organized to acquaint program participants with the key themes of the program. Today, we heard talks from Ravi Kannan and David Woodruff. Below, I link videos and provide brief summaries of their talks.

Ravi Kannan — Foundations of Data Science

Continue reading Foundations of Data Science Boot Camp

Polymath16, ninth thread: Searching for a 6-coloring

This is the ninth “research” thread of the Polymath16 project to make progress on the Hadwiger–Nelson problem, continuing this post. This project is a follow-up to Aubrey de Grey’s breakthrough result that the chromatic number of the plane is at least 5. Discussion of the project of a non-research nature should continue in the Polymath proposal page. We will summarize progress on the Polymath wiki page.

Here’s a brief summary of the progress made in the previous thread:

We can now 6-color [0,2]\times\mathbb{R}.

– We now have a laundry list of necessary conditions for a certain family of tile-based 6-colorings of the plane.

The next step is to search for a 6-coloring of the plane. The basic idea is to build up colored plane graphs and prune with our necessary conditions. We were hoping that existing code to generate plane graphs (namely, plantri) could be used as a blackbox for this search, but after further inspection, it seems that we’ll have to write this code ourselves. (When building up plane graphs, we will be adding vertices to the outer face, whereas plantri treats all faces equally.)

Polymath16, eighth thread: More upper bounds

This is the eighth “research” thread of the Polymath16 project to make progress on the Hadwiger–Nelson problem, continuing this post. This project is a follow-up to Aubrey de Grey’s breakthrough result that the chromatic number of the plane is at least 5. Discussion of the project of a non-research nature should continue in the Polymath proposal page. We will summarize progress on the Polymath wiki page.

Here’s a brief summary of the progress made in the previous thread:

– We can now 4-color the disk of radius 0.869, 5-color the disk of radius 1.1, and 6-color the disk of radius 1.85, though it appears that a larger disk is 6-colorable.

– We now have a human proof that p_d<0.49 for d \geq 0.52.

There is ongoing work to improve Thomassen’s result so that the tiles need not be strictly smaller than 1 nor have distance strictly larger than 1. This would produce new obstructions to 6-coloring the plane.

Polymath16, seventh thread: Upper bounds

This is the seventh “research” thread of the Polymath16 project to make progress on the Hadwiger–Nelson problem, continuing this post. This project is a follow-up to Aubrey de Grey’s breakthrough result that the chromatic number of the plane is at least 5. Discussion of the project of a non-research nature should continue in the Polymath proposal page. We will summarize progress on the Polymath wiki page.

Here’s a brief summary of the progress made in the previous thread:

– The smallest known unit-distance graph now has 553 vertices and 2722 edges.

– Terry Tao made some progress on understanding the colorings of R_2.

Continue reading Polymath16, seventh thread: Upper bounds

Polymath16, sixth thread: Wrestling with infinite graphs

This is the sixth “research” thread of the Polymath16 project to make progress on the Hadwiger–Nelson problem, continuing this post. This project is a follow-up to Aubrey de Grey’s breakthrough result that the chromatic number of the plane is at least 5. Discussion of the project of a non-research nature should continue in the Polymath proposal page. We will summarize progress on the Polymath wiki page.

Here’s a brief summary of the progress made in the previous thread:

– The smallest known unit-distance graph of chromatic number 5 now has 610 vertices and 3000 edges.

– We now have several small unit-distance graphs with no 4-coloring in which a particular vertex is bi-chromatic, and these results are human-provable.

– We now have upper bounds on the chromatic number of \mathbb{R}^d for d=5,6.

Continue reading Polymath16, sixth thread: Wrestling with infinite graphs